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Retinomotor response in larvae of brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Forsskal)

Mukai, Yukinori and Lim, Leong-Seng and Saad, Shahbudin (2012) Retinomotor response in larvae of brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Forsskal). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 7 (3). pp. 233-239. ISSN 1816-4927

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The brown-marbled grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus is an important species for aquaculture, however there is no data about visual threshold in order to estimate the optimum light intensity for larval rearing. This study examined the retinomotor responses of 14, 28, and 42 d old larvae of E. fuscoguttatus under seven orders of magnitude of light intensities from 0 lx to 100 lx to determine the visual thresholds. The retinae of 14 d old larvae had a single layer of outer nuclei, of the same number as the cone cells, indicating absence of rod cells. The 28 d old larvae had more nuclei in the outer nuclei layer than cone cells, indicating the appearance of rod cells. The retinomotor response was quantified as an increase in the expansion of the pigment epithelium and a decrease in the contraction of the cone myoids. The retinomotor response was absent in 14 d old larvae and weakly evident in 28 d old larvae. The retinal pigment layer was thinner at light intensity <1 lx than at 10–100 lx. The retinae of 42 d old juveniles showed a clear retinomotor response during 0.1–10 lx, and 10 - 100 lx is necessary for cone vision of E. fuscoguttatus. Therefore, the larvae should be exposed to the light intensity >10 lx in the larval rearing tanks. Full retinal function at age 42 d would be prepared for their benthic life style in next stage of 45–50 d juveniles.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6616/11065
Uncontrolled Keywords: free neuromasts, lateral line, eleutheroembryos, larvae, barramundi, Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Yukinori Mukai
Date Deposited: 11 May 2012 15:30
Last Modified: 11 May 2012 15:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/11065

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