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Microplastics contamination in bivalves off the island in the strait of malacca and its potential health risks

Miskon, Mohd Fuad and Ghazali, Intan Noor Munira and Faudzi, Fikriah and Yusof, Muhammad Fitri and Razali, Azaima and Ramli, Muhammad Zahir and Hassan, Noor Artika and Kasmuri, Norhafezah (2024) Microplastics contamination in bivalves off the island in the strait of malacca and its potential health risks. In: The 5th International Conference on Fisheries, Aquatic, and Environmental Sciences (ICFAES 2023), 25 October 2023, Banda Aceh.

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The widespread presence of microplastics in the ocean is a significant threat to marine life and humans. A study was conducted to investigate the extent of microplastic contamination in the coastal waters of Langkawi and Penang, situated on the northern coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Rock oysters (Saccostrea cucullata) were utilized as bioindicators due to its availability in all sampling sites to evaluate microplastics,by considering its abundance, types, polymer composition, and potential health risks related to consumption. Soft tissues were digested with 10% KOH, and the resulting microplastics were examined using a stereo microscope and microplastics polymer were identified through ATR-FTIR. Kok Beach and Penarak Beach exhibited notably higher microplastic abundance, mainly in the form of filaments with predominant black and red colours. The most common polymer types were cellulose triacetate (CTA) and polycyclohexanedimethylene terephthalate (PCT). Hazard Quotient values, indicating potential health risks from consuming S. cucullata, surpassed a critical threshold at all locations. The study's findings suggest that it serves as a fundamental reference for future research on microplastic contamination in the islands along the northern coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

Item Type: Proceeding Paper (Other)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies
Depositing User: Dr Noor Artika Hassan
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2024 14:29
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 14:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/110491

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