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Development of leech extract as a therapeutic agent: a chronological review

Alaama, Mohamed and Kucuk, Omer and Bilir, Birdal and Merzouk, Ahmed and Ghawi, Abbas Mohammad and Yerer, Mukerrem Betul and Ahmado, Mohamed Alaa and Abdualkader, Abdualrahman Mohammed and Helal Uddin, A.B.M. (2024) Development of leech extract as a therapeutic agent: a chronological review. Pharmacological Research - Modern Chinese Medicine. E-ISSN 2667-1425

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Introduction: Leech extract contains many identified bioactive substances which have a variety of biological effects. Leech extract was discovered in the late 19th century and since then many pharmaceutical products have been produced using leech extract for different ailments, but many have been withdrawn. Ongoing studies focus on health authority compliant pharmaceuticals to be used as modern medicine. Methodology: The online databases including Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science, were searched using different keywords: Leech, Leech extract, leech salivary gland extract and leech saliva extract. The purpose of this review was to discuss the development of leech extract as a therapeutic agent, including the evolution of extraction techniques, and the successful manufacturing of leech extract-based pharmaceuticals. Results: Leech extract was successfully developed as a therapeutic agent. Some of the developed leech extract-based pharmaceutics were withdrawn and some are still in the market. The extraction methods played a vital role in the quality and efficacy of leech extract-based pharmaceutics and ultimately on their sustainability in the market. Also, the full characterization of leech extract components is a key factor in the development of leech extract as a therapeutic agent. Discussion: This review provides a comprehensive historical perspective on the development of leech extract therapy, including its various stages of development and the key scientific and medical advances that have led to its current state and discusses potential future applications. Conclusion: Leech extract is an invaluable source of bioactive substances that can be utilized for the treatment of mild and life-threatening medical disorders. This review will encourage other scientists to continue their research on leech extract, especially in the areas of formulation and marketing.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 4478/110035
Uncontrolled Keywords: leech, leech extract, leech saliva extract, Hirudotherapy.
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS192 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Technology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS403 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. A. B. M. Helal Uddin
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2024 12:35
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2024 12:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/110035

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