IIUM Repository

The evaluation of the quality of life (QOL) among senior citizens living at an old age home on the Malaysian East Coast

Jaffer, Usman and Che Mohd Nassir, Che Mohd Nasril and Ahmed, Mohamed Ayaaz and Ahmad H.Osman, Rahmah and Ahmad Kamari, Ahmad Afif and Kamarudin, Nurain Fatini and Juvono, Nur Athirah and Mat Arif, Nurul Aidasyafikah and Zulkarnain, Sofya Umairah (2023) The evaluation of the quality of life (QOL) among senior citizens living at an old age home on the Malaysian East Coast. International Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling (IJEPC), 8 (52). pp. 839-853. E-ISSN 0128-164X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (384kB) | Request a copy


This study explores the quality of life (QoL) among elderly individuals residing in Malaysian old age homes, focusing on their physical, psychological, and social well-being. It utilizes a quantitative cross-sectional design, employing the Older People's Quality of Life Questionnaire (OPQOL-35) to assess QoL across multiple domains. The sample comprises 20 participants from Pusat Jagaan Pesakit Dan Warga Emas Seri Damai, aged between 50 and 79, with various age-related health issues. The study's results indicate no significant gender-based differences in overall well-being. However, females reported lower health scores compared to males. Longer durations of care were associated with lower health quality. Positive correlations were found between overall life satisfaction and factors such as neighbourhood quality, psychological well-being, independence, and engagement in activities. Additionally, health status correlated positively with independence and financial status but negatively with the duration of care. A surprising negative correlation emerged between educational status and social relationships, suggesting that higher education does not necessarily enhance social skills and connections. The discussion highlights the importance of a conducive living environment, the role of psychological well-being in life satisfaction, and the gender disparity in health perception. It also examines the paradox of education and social relationships, the significance of independence in well-being, and the impact of home and neighbourhood on psychological health. The study underscores the benefits of an active lifestyle and leisure activities for emotional well-being and challenges the assumption that extended residency in care centres leads to financial strain. In conclusion, the research emphasizes the need for comprehensive care strategies that consider the diverse needs of the elderly, recognizing the multifaceted nature of their well-being. While limited by its small sample size and cross-sectional design, the study offers valuable insights for improving eldercare practices and informs policymakers and caregivers about the factors influencing elderly well-being. Further research with larger samples is recommended for a deeper understanding of these dynamics.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 10553/109990
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elderly, Well-being, Health, Aging, Elderly Care Facilities
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC)
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Arabic Language and Literature
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Psychology
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Dr Usman Jaffer
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2024 11:38
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2024 11:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/109990

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year