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Diet composition of Indo-Pacific sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) by-catch in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia

Hamzah, Mohamed Shahrul Daniel and Zepri, Abdul Muhaimin and Abdul Razak, Rashidah and Mohamed, Juliana and Ramli, Muhammad Zahir and Pa'suya, Muhammad Faiz and Abdul Rahman, Rahimi and Faudzi, Fikriah and Adam, Aimimuliani (2023) Diet composition of Indo-Pacific sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) by-catch in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Fisheries and Environment, 47 (3). pp. 40-49. ISSN 2630-0702 E-ISSN 2630-0826

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The distribution of sailfish across Malaysian waters provides socioeconomic importance to the coastal community. However, there is a declining rate of catch in sport fishing event held in Pahang, Malaysia over the past four years from 2016 to 2019. The urgency to study local sailfish populations is also driven by the recent conservation status change of Indo-Pacific sailfish by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 2022. Diet composition was determined throughout this study to perceive the feeding behavior of sailfish. The by-catch samples were collected at Kuantan, Pahang from March 2021 to December 2022. Only one species of sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus was observed during the period of sampling. The stomach contents of 170 samples were analyzed, and 566 prey items were identified to the lowest possible taxa. The index of relative importance percentage (%IRI) was calculated for the prey comparison. The top three dominant prey recorded from genus taxa were Amblygaster sp. (28.25%), Uroteuthis sp. (20.03%) and Encrasicholina sp. (18.22%). The least prey recorded was Scolopsis sp. (0.02%). Cluster analysis based on diversity and prey abundance between 2021 and 2022 was determined. The sailfish diet composed of high diversity of tropical pelagic fish which can be found in the Malaysian waters. This indicates sailfish as generalist predators in Pahang coastal waters that serve as nursing grounds for juveniles and early adults of the species.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 9090/109357
Uncontrolled Keywords: billfish, by-catch, conservation, diet composition, Istiophorus platypterus
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Zahir Ramli
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2023 10:51
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2023 10:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/109357

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