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Nutritional status and feeding behaviour of young children in the Northeastern region of Malaysia

Md Yusof, Ain Nashuha and Jaafar, Nurul Hazirah (2023) Nutritional status and feeding behaviour of young children in the Northeastern region of Malaysia. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 7 (5). pp. 191-201. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Introduction: The dietary choices of young children can significantly impact their nutritional well-being, particularly if they exhibit selective eating habits. Avoiding familiar foods and failing to consume sufficient amounts of nutritious food can harm a child's overall nutritional status. As such, this study aims to assess the feeding behaviour and nutritional status of young children in the Northeastern region of Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 60 children aged one to five years in five districts of Kelantan, Malaysia. Online questionnaires were used to collect data, including sociodemographic information and the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). Individual Dietary Diversity Scores (IDDS) were calculated to evaluate the children's eating habits. Anthropometric measurements were also taken, including body mass index (BMI), weight-for-age (WAZ-score), height-for-age (HAZ-score), and weight-for-height (WHZ score). The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26.0. Results: Findings revealed that 55% of young children were picky eaters and had low IDDS scores. Picky eaters were more likely to be underweight (11.7%), stunted (15%), and wasted (6.7%) compared to non-picky eaters. However, no significant association existed between nutritional status and feeding behaviour or IDDS scores. Conclusion: To address picky eating, it is crucial to provide nutrition education and raise caregiver awareness about their children's feeding habits. This approach can help improve the nutritional well being of young children in Kelantan, Malaysia, and potentially contribute to broader efforts to combat childhood malnutrition.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutritional status, picky eater, feeding behaviour, children, Kelantan.
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Heatlh. Child health services. Preventive health services for children
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM216 Diet Therapy. Clinical Nutrition
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Nurul Hazirah Jaafar
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2023 14:39
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2023 14:39
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/108806

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