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Auditory sensory gating in auditory brainstem response (ABR) with psychological task in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) child: a case study

Shahrudin, Fatin Amira and Dzulkarnain, Ahmad Aidil Arafat and Chahed, Norashikin and Ahmad Basri, Nadzirah and Jamal, Fatin Nabilah and Sidek, Shahrul Na'im and Md Yusof, Hazlina and Abd Hamid, Siti Rafiah (2023) Auditory sensory gating in auditory brainstem response (ABR) with psychological task in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) child: a case study. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences (IJAHS), 7 (5). pp. 512-527. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Studies related to auditory sensory gating have primarily focused on the higher processing center of the auditory system (frontal and temporal lobe), either using electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG). There are limited studies investigating auditory sensory gating from the auditory brainstem region or descending pathways connecting the auditory cortex and brainstem, especially in the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population. In this report, the auditory sensory gating function of an ASD child using auditory brainstem response (ABR) with a psychological task was compared to typically developing children. Two 10-years old children participated; one diagnosed with ASD and another a typically developing child. They underwent audiological assessment and had normal audiograms with type A tympanograms. The ABR with and without psychological tasks (congruent, incongruent, and neutral conditions) was then conducted. The ABR waveforms (amplitude and latency) and the Stroop variables (percentage score and response time of correct responses) differences were examined among the participants. This case report highlights the six important sensory gating features, i.e., percentage score, response time, facilitation effect, Stroop interference, cognitive interference, and interference concept between an ASD and typically development child. The findings are expected to contribute to future research in the same niche.

Item Type: Article (Case Report)
Additional Information: 4465/108710
Uncontrolled Keywords: Case Reports, Auditory Brainstem Responses, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sensory Gating, Psychological Inhibition
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Heatlh. Child health services. Preventive health services for children
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education
Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Educational Psychology & Counseling
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Prof Dr Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2023 11:20
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 09:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/108710

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