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Knowledge and attitude on HIV/AIDS in a fishing community

Samsuddin , Niza and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Akter, Seikh Farid Uddin and Alwi, Mariah (2010) Knowledge and attitude on HIV/AIDS in a fishing community. International Medical Journal, 17 (2). pp. 95-101. ISSN 1341-2051

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the research is to have a better understanding on perception, knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS in a fishermen's village of East Coast, Malaysia. The findings will be used to further improve HIV/AIDS intervention programmes. Design: A cross sectional study was conducted among adult Malays aged 18 to 49 in a fishermen's community of East Coast, Malaysia. Material and Methods: The research employed systematic random sampling from the sampling frame of houses. The data was collected through face-to-face interviewed questionnaire. Knowledge and attitude questions were scored and presented as percentage. Data was analyzed using SPSS 15. Results: The study involved 340 respondents, 61.5%(209) females and 38.5%(131) males. About 77.3%(262) of respondents admitted that HIV/AIDS was a serious problem in their village. Among these respondents, 96.9%(257) had the perception that it was due to intravenous drug user and 18.2%(48) believed it was due to free sex practice. The age group of 29-38 and respondents who had experience with HIV/AIDS personally, had significantly higher percentage knowledge score compared to other age groups and groups of respondent who had no experience. Fishermen showed significantly lower percentage knowledge score compared to other occupation groups. Respondents under poverty level were significantly associated with lower percentage of knowledge and attitude scores. In general, individual analyses of knowledge and attitude questions revealed that there were still high percentages of incorrect and unsure answers. Conclusion: Intravenous drug users and free sex practice are the predominant believed risk behavior by the community. The younger population and fishermen are the prime populations to whom education on HIV/AIDS should be given. Future study should explore the pattern of HIV/AIDS risk factors in the community for better intervention programme.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5187/10696
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attitude; Fishermen; HIV/AIDS; Knowledge; Perception
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Seikh Farid Uddin Akter
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2011 09:05
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2016 10:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/10696

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