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Cultured meat: an appraisal from the fiqh and sufi views of Muslim scholars

Harahap Burhanuddin, Iswandi and Muhamad Shukri, Abdul Salam @ Zulkifli and Abu Bakar, Mohd Bakri and Shahid, Muallimin Mochammad and Adam, Abdul Rahman (2023) Cultured meat: an appraisal from the fiqh and sufi views of Muslim scholars. Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law, 11 (1). pp. 14-30. ISSN 1985-7454 E-ISSN 2590-4396

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Meat comprises of important nutrients for the human body. As the global population increases, so has the demand for meat. A new idea was conceived to invent cultured meat produced from the outer part of the animal's body in the 1930s. However, the idea of cultured meat invention was only realized in 2013 by a Dutch scientist who invented burger-shaped cultured beef. This invention did not exist at the time of the Prophet, his Companions and the tābi'īn and it has become a polemic among the Muslim community regarding its halal status. The existence of cultured meat in the today’s society requires a clear fiqh explanation and procedure because it is one of the new discoveries in the food industry. This study is significant to provide a good understanding and new knowledge to the Muslim society. A clear fiqh approach will provide guidelines to the society in considering it as a staple or alternative diet. Otherwise, they may avoid consuming cultured meat product as a precaution from haram and uncertainty (shubhah). This study employs qualitative descriptive research by analyzing some previous studies as secondary sources that have been recorded elsewhere, processed, printed and disseminated to the public. The results found that cultured meat is a new discovery inMalaysia. Although the original law for this cultured meat is halal, if it does not meet the shariah principles and criteria, it is considered haram. This paper highlights the halal status of cultured meat from fiqh and sufism in terms of the transformative form of God’s creation. Based on the primary sources of fiqh and sufism, the status of cultured meat is considered halal provided if the shortage of meat affects the needs of the population, it causes no harm in terms of consumption and benefits the general public. Further research is necessary to verify that it is also tayyiban and fulfils the maqasid with regard to Islamic nutrition and the effects of consumption to consumers.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cultured meat, alteration of God’s creation, halal, haram
Subjects: BPK Islamic law. Shari'ah. Fiqh
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Usul al-Din and Comparative Religion
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Salam Muhamad Shukri
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2023 09:47
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2023 09:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/106501

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