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An investigation of teaching, social and cognitive presence in online learning

Azizul Hassan, Aini Faridah and Ahmad Basri, Noraini and Ismail, Othman and Rahmat, Noor Hanim and Abdul Latiff@Bapoo, Lili Suriani (2023) An investigation of teaching, social and cognitive presence in online learning. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 13 (No. 5). pp. 1853-1867. E-ISSN 2222-6990

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The purpose of this investigation was to explore the Community of Inquiry model (CoI) elements of teaching, social, and cognitive presence were mostly present in online learning environments. A quantitative approach was employed, and data were collected via survey from eighty-nine respondents. The findings revealed that teaching presence was the most influential element and evident in the design and facilitation of the courses, as instructors provided clear instructions and timely feedback. Social presence was evident through the use of discussion forums and group projects, which allowed students to interact and build relationships with one another. Finally, cognitive presence was evident through the use of reflective activities and challenging assignments, which encouraged students to think critically and engage with the course material. Overall, the results suggest that a balance of teaching, social, and cognitive presence is essential for effective online learning environments. Instructors should design courses that promote interaction and collaboration among students, provide clear instructions and feedback, and incorporate activities that encourage students to think deeply about the course material.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community of Inquiry Model, Cognitive Presence, Teaching Presence, Social Presence
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Sustainable Tourism and Contemporary Languages
Depositing User: Dr Lilisuriani Latif
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2023 10:38
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2024 13:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/106258

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