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Global impacts of Covid-19 on lifestyles and health and preparation preferences: an international survey of 30 countries

Li, Jiaying and Fong, Daniel Yee Tak and Lok, Kris Yuet Wan and Wong, Janet Yuen Ha and Ho, Mandy Man and Choi, Edmond Pui Hang and Pandian, Vinciya and Davidson, Patricia M and Duan, Wenjie and Tarrant, Marie and Lee, Jung Jae and Lin, Chia-Chin and Akingbade, Oluwadamilare and Alabdulwahhab, Khalid M and Ahmad, Mohammad Shakil and Alboraie, Mohamed and Alzahrani, Meshari A and Bilimale, Anil S and Boonpatcharanon, Sawitree and Byiringiro, Samuel and Che Hasan, Muhammad Kamil and Schettini, Luisa Clausi and Corzo, Walter and De Leon, Josephine M and De Leon, Anjanette S and Deek, Hiba and Efficace, Fabio and Nayal, Mayssah A El and El-Raey, Fathiya and Ensaldo-Carrasco, Eduardo and Escotorin, Pilar and Fadodun, Oluwadamilola Agnes and Fawole, Israel Opeyemi and Goh, Yong-Shian Shawn and Irawan, Devi and Khan, Naimah Ebrahim and Koirala, Binu and Krishna, Ashish and Kwok, Cannas and Le, Tung Thanh and Leal, Daniela Giambruno and Lezana-Fernández, Miguel Ángel and Manirambona, Emery and Mantoani, Leandro Cruz and Meneses-González, Fernando and Mohamed, Iman Elmahdi and Mukeshimana, Madeleine and Nguyen, Chinh Thi Minh and Nguyen, Huong Thi Thanh and Nguyen, Khanh Thi and Nguyen, Son Truong and Nurumal, Mohd. Said and Nzabonimana, Aimable and Omer, Nagla Abdelrahim Mohamed Ahmed and Ogungbe, Oluwabunmi and Poon, Angela Chiu Yin and Reséndiz-Rodriguez, Areli and Puang-Ngern, Busayasachee and Sagun, Ceryl G and Shaik, Riyaz Ahmed and Shankar, Nikhil Gauri and Sommer, Kathrin and Toro, Edgardo and Tran, Hanh Thi Hong and Urgel, Elvira L and Uwiringiyimana, Emmanuel and Vanichbuncha, Tita and Youssef, Naglaa (2023) Global impacts of Covid-19 on lifestyles and health and preparation preferences: an international survey of 30 countries. Journal of Global Health, 13. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2047-2978 E-ISSN 2047-2986

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Background: The health area being greatest impacted by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and residents' perspective to better prepare for future pandemic remain unknown. We aimed to assess and make cross-country and cross-region comparisons of the global impacts of COVID-19 and preparation preferences of pandemic. Methods: We recruited adults in 30 countries covering all World Health Organization (WHO) regions from July 2020 to August 2021. 5 Likert-point scales were used to measure their perceived change in 32 aspects due to COVID-19 (-2 = substantially reduced to 2 = substantially increased) and perceived importance of 13 preparations (1 = not important to 5 = extremely important). Samples were stratified by age and gender in the corresponding countries. Multidimensional preference analysis displays disparities between 30 countries, WHO regions, economic development levels, and COVID-19 severity levels. Results: 16 512 adults participated, with 10 351 females. Among 32 aspects of impact, the most affected were having a meal at home (mean (m) = 0.84, standard error (SE) = 0.01), cooking at home (m = 0.78, SE = 0.01), social activities (m = -0.68, SE = 0.01), duration of screen time (m = 0.67, SE = 0.01), and duration of sitting (m = 0.59, SE = 0.01). Alcohol (m = -0.36, SE = 0.01) and tobacco (m = -0.38, SE = 0.01) consumption declined moderately. Among 13 preparations, respondents rated medicine delivery (m = 3.50, SE = 0.01), getting prescribed medicine in a hospital visit / follow-up in a community pharmacy (m = 3.37, SE = 0.01), and online shopping (m = 3.33, SE = 0.02) as the most important. The multidimensional preference analysis showed the European Region, Region of the Americas, Western Pacific Region and countries with a high-income level or medium to high COVID-19 severity were more adversely impacted on sitting and screen time duration and social activities, whereas other regions and countries experienced more cooking and eating at home. Countries with a high-income level or medium to high COVID-19 severity reported higher perceived mental burden and emotional distress. Except for low- and lower-middle-income countries, medicine delivery was always prioritised. Conclusions: Global increasing sitting and screen time and limiting social activities deserve as much attention as mental health. Besides, the pandemic has ushered in a notable enhancement in lifestyle of home cooking and eating, while simultaneously reducing the consumption of tobacco and alcohol. A health care system and technological infrastructure that facilitate medicine delivery, medicine prescription, and online shopping are priorities for coping with future pandemics.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA643 Communicable Diseases and Public Health
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA644.C67 Coronavirus infections. COVID-19 (Disease). COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020
R Medicine > RT Nursing > RT89 Specialities in nursing > RT90.7 Primary nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2023 09:15
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2023 09:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/106194

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