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Age and Sex Association with Metabolic Syndrome among Adults in Sharjah, UAE

Harfil, Sondos and Abuodeh, Raed and M. Abdel Rahman, Wael and Kuttulebbai Naina Mohamed Salam, Sirajudeen and Jan Mohamed, Hamid Jan (2023) Age and Sex Association with Metabolic Syndrome among Adults in Sharjah, UAE. Hamdan Medical Journal, 16 (2). pp. 79-86. ISSN 2227-2437 E-ISSN 2227-247X

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Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a significant public health concern associated with a cluster of severe metabolic disorders, such as dyslipidaemia, hypertension and glucose intolerance. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of age and sex with MetS in a healthy adult population in Sharjah, UAE. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and seventy‑two participants were enrolled and screened for their sociodemographic, anthropometric measurements, body composition analysis (BCA.) and biochemical characteristics. Results: The participants’ mean age was 35.1 years. There were no significant differences in MetS prevalence between the two age groups (<40 vs. ≥40) years. Sex had a significant effect on the MetS. Males had a 3.08 times chance to develop MetS compared to females (adjusted odds ratio = 30.8; 95% confidence interval = [1.65–5.75]). Fat percentage (34.40 [11.20] vs. 24.70 [9.30], P < 0.001) and fat mass (23.60 [15.90] vs. 19.90 [12.30], P = 0.002) were significantly higher in females than in males. All other BCA measurements were significantly higher in males than in females (P < 0.001). Most of the biochemical characteristics were significantly higher in males than in females (P < 0.05), except high‑density lipoprotein level, which was higher in females than in males (P < 0.001). Three MetS components were significantly more prevalent in males than in females: high blood pressure (56% vs. 22%, P < 0.001), high triglyceride (14% vs. 4%, P = 0.002) and high fasting blood sugar (46% vs. 21%, P < 0.001). Conclusions: MetS prevalence was significantly higher in males than in females (36% vs. 18%, P = 0.001). Age does not affect the prevalence of Mets in the study population.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Age, metabolic syndrome, sex
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2023 15:30
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2023 15:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/105675

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