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Gold nanoparticle deposited on screen-printed carbon electrode for electrochemical detection of nicotine in e-cigarette

Amran, Amirul Aiman Ali and Lim, Ying Chin and Azman, Nurasyiqin and Jafar, Nurfadhilah and Mohd, Yusairie and Ab Rahim, Rosminazuin and Nordin, Anis Nurashikin and Mohd Zain, Zainiharyati (2023) Gold nanoparticle deposited on screen-printed carbon electrode for electrochemical detection of nicotine in e-cigarette. MALAYSIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY (MJChem), 25 (2). pp. 1-12. E-ISSN 2550-1658

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Nicotine addiction is a global health problem that causes 4.9 million deaths each year. Nicotine addiction from smoking tobacco may harm both active and passive smokers. Due to nicotine’s slow electrode kinetics and redox response occurring at positive potentials, there has been a need in designing electrode material for narrowing the electrochemical window for nicotine redox reaction on the current-potential curve. Nicotine oxidation happens at a higher potential making the signal susceptible to interference from oxygen, thus causing inconsistency in the electrochemical signal. Numerous electrode modifications have been attempted to solve the problem of nicotine’s substantial overpotential on bare carbon electrodes. In this work, nicotine in e-cigarette tobacco products was detected using gold nanoparticles electrodeposited on screen-printed carbon electrode (AuNPs-SPCE). The gold solution was prepared from a precursor solution of 10 mM chloroauric acid, HAuCl4. The screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was immersed in the gold solution and was selectively electrodeposited on the SPCE surface at a potential of +0.53 V as the first layer deposition by using chronoamperometry (CA). Then, CA was performed at a constant potential of –0.9 V for approximately 900 seconds on the SPCE surface, resulting in a second layer with gold nanostructures. The gold nanostructures were characterised by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Elemental Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). The electrochemical analysis was proceeded using the fabricated AuNPs-SPCE as the working electrode in potassium ferrocyanide, K4Fe(CN)6, standard nicotine in 0.1 M PBS (pH 7), and liquid-flavoured e-cigarette (sample) using the cyclic voltammetry (CV) method. The effectiveness of the AuNPs-SPCE shows the detection of nicotine at a potential +0.2 V focusing on nicotine’s oxidation peak. The oxidation peak calibration graph was linear from 0.00025 M to 0.03 M, with a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.9920 and a limit detection of 8.3 mM within 2 secs of response time. This preliminary finding can contribute to the health care community in diagnosing nicotine addiction at an early stage to prevent tragic nicotine overdoses.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nicotine; electrochemical sensor; gold nanoparticle; electrodeposition, vape
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Rosminazuin Ab Rahim
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2023 10:52
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2023 10:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/104309

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