IIUM Repository

Southern south China sea dynamics: sea level change from coupled model intercomparison project phase 6 (CMIP6) in the 21st century

Azran, Noah Irfan and Jeofry, Hafeez and Jing, Xiang Chung and Liew, Junneng and Ali, Syamir Alihan Showkat and Griffiths, Alex and Ramli, Muhammad Zahir and Ariffin, Effi Helmy and Miskon, Mohd Fuad and Mohamed, Juliana and Yunus, Kamaruzzaman and Akhir, Mohd Fadzil (2023) Southern south China sea dynamics: sea level change from coupled model intercomparison project phase 6 (CMIP6) in the 21st century. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 11 (2). pp. 1-15. E-ISSN 2077-1312

[img] PDF (Article) - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
PDF - Supplemental Material
Download (1MB) | Preview
PDF - Supplemental Material
Download (225kB) | Preview


Sea level rise will significantly impact coastal areas around the world. As a coastal country, Malaysia’s rising sea levels are a significant concern because they would affect 70% of its population. The study of sea level rise is important in order to implement effective mitigation and adaptation strategies. This study investigates the performance of CMIP6 Global Climate Models (GCMs) in simulating sea level rise in the Malaysian seas using various statistical methods. The models’ performances were evaluated by comparing historic CMIP6 GCM runs from 1993 to 2010 with sea level measurements from the satellite altimetry AVISO+ using the Taylor diagram. The SCS (SCSPM and SCSEM) had a higher sea level range and trend in both selected areas than the SM and SS. With 1.5 ◦C warmings, the multi-model ensemble means predicted that the SCS would rise by 16 mm near the Peninsular, with sea levels increasing by 0.908 m at a rate of 1.5 mm/year, and by 14.5 mm near East Malaysia, with sea levels increasing by 0.895 m at a rate of 1.1 mm/year. In contrast, 2.0 ◦C warmings project that SCSPM and SCSEM would cause sea levels to rise by 20.2 mm and 21.5 mm, respectively, at a rate of 0.6 mm/year and 0.7 mm/year. This information will provide an insight into Malaysian sea levels between now and the end of the twenty-first century, which will be beneficial for government agencies, academics, and relevant stakeholders

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: dynamic sea level; sea level rise; CMIP6; South China Sea; future projections; climate change
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Zahir Ramli
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2023 09:36
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2023 16:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103777

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year