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A systematic review of maternal dietary intake and its association with childhood stunting

Mohd Shukri, Nor Azwani and Mohamed Nor, Noraishah and Mustafa, Norashikin and Rostam, Muhamad Ashraf and Abu Seman, Muhamad Sadry and Ab Hamid, Mohd Ramadan and Romli, Rahiwan Nazar (2023) A systematic review of maternal dietary intake and its association with childhood stunting. IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 22 (1). pp. 8-15. ISSN 1823-4631 E-ISSN 2735-2285

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The first 1,000 days of a child’s life is a critical period of development in preventing childhood stunting. Despite various intervention programs, the global prevalence remains high. Maternal nutrition during pregnancy and exclusive breastfeeding plays an important role in infant development; thus, a systematic review on the relationship between maternal dietary intake and childhood stunting was conducted. The Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar electronic databases were used. Articles related to maternal nutrition and supplements intake with children's anthropometry data were included. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria and seven were included after quality assessment. The studies were reviewed thematically as statistical analysis was not possible due to data heterogeneity. The Appraisal Tool for Cross-Sectional Studies (AXIS) and Critical Appraisal Skills Program tools were used to assess the quality of the included studies. The findings demonstrated that pregnant women need to eat a diverse diet with the inclusion of at least five food groups to fulfill the nutritional requirement. Daily protein intake between 0.8 and 1.1g/kg body weight is recommended for positive birth weight and height outcomes. Supplementation of vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, zinc, vitamin D and calcium, was also shown to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, future studies should consider confounding factors such as hygiene level and clean water availability to determine the transparent effect of nutrition on childhood stunting. More longitudinal studies are required to ascertain the relationship between maternal dietary intake and childhood stunting, especially in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maternal dietary intake; Childhood Stunting; Pregnancy; Exclusive Breastfeeding; Nutrients
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM214 Diet therapy. Diet and dietectics in disease
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Nor Azwani Mohd Shukri
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 15:18
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2023 11:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103599

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