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Real-world treatment and outcomes of ALK-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer in a southeast Asian country

Poh, Mau Ern and How, Soon Hin and Ho, Gwo Fuang and Pang, Yong Kek and Hasbullah, Harissa H and Tho, Lye Mun and Muhamad Nor, Ibtisam and Lim, Bee Chiu Lim and Ho, Kean Fatt and Thiagarajan, Muthukkumaran and Samsudin, Azlina and Omar, Azza and Ong, Choo Khoon and Soon, Sing Yang and Kuan Tan, Justin Yu and Zainal Abidin, Muhammad Adil (2022) Real-world treatment and outcomes of ALK-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer in a southeast Asian country. Cancer Management and Research. pp. 31-41. ISSN 1179-1322

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Purpose: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors are associated with good overall survival (OS) for ALK-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, these treatments can be unavailable or limited by financial constraints in developing countries. Using data from a nationwide lung cancer registry, the present study aimed to identify treatment patterns and clinical outcomes of ALK-positive NSCLC in Malaysia. Methods: This retrospective study examined data of patients with ALK-positive NSCLC from 18 major hospitals (public, private, or university teaching hospitals) throughout Malaysia between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2020 from the National Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgical Database (NCTSD). Data on baseline characteristics, treatments, radiological findings, and pathological findings were collected. Overall survival (OS) and time on treatment (TOT) were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: There were 1581 NSCLC patients in the NCTSD. Based on ALK gene-rearrangement test results, only 65 patients (4.1%) had ALK-positive advanced NSCLC. Of these 65 patients, 59 received standard-of-care treatment and were included in the analysis. Crizotinib was the most commonly prescribed ALK inhibitor, followed by alectinib and ceritinib. Patients on ALK inhibitors had better median OS (62 months for first-generation inhibitors, not reached at time of analysis for second-generation inhibitors) compared to chemotherapy (27 months), but this was not statistically significant (P=0.835) due to sample-size limitations. Patients who received ALK inhibitors as first-line therapy had significantly longer TOT (median of 11 months for first-generation inhibitors, not reached for second-generation inhibitors at the time of analysis) compared to chemotherapy (median of 2 months; P<0.01). Conclusion: Patients on ALK inhibitors had longer median OS and significantly longer TOT compared to chemotherapy, suggesting long-term benefit. Keywords: ALK inhibitors, chemotherapy, ALK-positive, NSCLC

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC270 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology-Cancer and Other Malignant Neoplasms-Therapeutics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Adil Zainal Abidin
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2023 16:32
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 05:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103209

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