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Screening of catechol dioxygenase gene among bacterial communities isolated from anthropogenic contaminated area in Pahang, Malaysia

Azizan, Nur Hafizah and Sharif, Mohd. Faez and Abdul Aziz, Asmadamia and Zulbahri, Azuan Syafiq (2022) Screening of catechol dioxygenase gene among bacterial communities isolated from anthropogenic contaminated area in Pahang, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Special Issue (2022) (1). pp. 78-86. ISSN 1511-2616

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The development of industrial, recreational, and urban areas in Pahang has introduced hydrocarbon pollution into the environment. The hydrocarbons impart a significant effect on the environment and human health, in both short- and long-term effects. Longterm exposure to these environmental pollutants may enhance the degradative abilities of the indigenous bacterial communities through the exhibition of catechol dioxygenase; an enzyme that can degrade hydrocarbons. In this study, bacteria communities that are tolerant towards hydrocarbons were successfully isolated and identified from two contaminated rivers and one pristine area. The presence of the catechol dioxygenase gene from the isolated bacterial samples was then screened using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification. A total of 33 hydrocarbon-tolerant bacteria were isolated from both contaminated and pristine areas. Five genera isolated from the contaminated areas; the Bacillus, Lysinibacillus, Aeromonas, Shewanella, and Pseudomonas strains were detected to harbour the catechol dioxygenase gene. Meanwhile, no catechol dioxygenase gene was detected in bacterial samples isolated from pristine area. Results obtained from the screening of the catechol dioxygenase gene can provide preliminary insight regarding the presence of catabolic enzymes particularly in different anthropogenic areas, which could provide a better understanding regarding the potential of catechol dioxygenase in eliminating toxic pollutants from the environment.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthropogenic area, Catechol dioxygenase, Hydrocarbontolerant, Polymerase chain reaction, Screening
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Nur Hafizah Azizan
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2023 12:38
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2023 12:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103187

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