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Covid-19 pandemic: help-seeking for smoking cessation among adult smokers in Malaysia during the full movement control order (FMCO)

Mohamed, Mohd Haazik and Nik Mohamed, Mohamad Haniki and Misdi, Yessy Octavia and Bee, Seok Chua and Albert, Wanda Kiyah George and Mohd Dahlan, Muhammad Faheem (2023) Covid-19 pandemic: help-seeking for smoking cessation among adult smokers in Malaysia during the full movement control order (FMCO). IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 22 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1823-4631 E-ISSN 2735-2285

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INTRODUCTION: In Malaysia, death due to tobacco smoking habits recorded as more than 23 thousand yearly. Hence smoking cessation should be emphasized to reduce the annual mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study is to identify the help-seeking behavior in smoking cessation among adult smokers and to determine its predictive factors during the Full Movement Control Order (FMCO) in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Data were collected from cross-sectional surveys of Malaysian adult smokers. The questionnaire was distributed online through the official social media account of the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOHM) which commenced from 31st May 2021 in conjunction with the World No Tobacco Day. A multivariate binomial logistic regression was employed to analyze the relationship model between the predictors with the helpseeking for smoking cessation. RESULT: Out of 2,545 Malaysian adult smokers who have responded, 2,303 were males (90.5% of respondents) with mean age(sd) of 34.82(8.11) years (18 to 77 years). Slightly half (n=1353, 53%) have reported seeking help for smoking cessation and (n=1468, 57.7%) reported being unaware of the quitline services. Factors, such as quit smoking attempt (OR; 1.844, 95% CI = 1.384-2.458), Covid-19 pandemic situation (OR; 1.841, 95% CI=1.553-2.183), being married (OR: 1.279, 95% CI = 1.04- 1.57), unaware about quitline services (OR; 0.660, 95% CI = 0.557-0.781), non-alcohol drinkers (OR; 0.658, 95% CI=0.473-0.916) significantly predicted the behaviour of helpseeking for smoking cessation. CONCLUSION: The results of this study would potentially support public health efforts in Malaysia in further enhancing health promotion and education programs as well as further strengthen the policy towards quit smoking issues.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Help-seeking, Smoking Cessation, Covid19 Pandemic, Health Education, Adult Smokers
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS192 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Technology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS403 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2023 16:16
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2024 16:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103006

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