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Comparative evaluation of dental & cephalometric skeletal characteristics in the sagittal & vertical plane

Abdul Hamid, Hanis Izzati and Zaharul, Fatin Nabihah and Cheong, Joo Ming (2022) Comparative evaluation of dental & cephalometric skeletal characteristics in the sagittal & vertical plane. In: International Dental Student E-Conference 2022, 16 April 2022, Zoom online. (Unpublished)

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Clinical information regarding skeletal and dental characteristics is essential for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Therefore, an evaluation to predict the association between skeletal and dental variables would prove diagnostically invaluable. This study aims to enumerate the prevalence of skeletal and dental classifications in a sample of Malay adult patients, and to determine the association between sagittal skeletal relationship, vertical facial dimension and anteroposterior molar relationship. Orthodontic study models and lateral cephalograms of 117 Malay patients between 18 and 41 years old (mean age 26.5 ± 5.38) were evaluated for molar relationship (Class I, II or III), A point-Nasion-B point (ANB) angle (skeletal Class I, II or III) and maxillary-mandibular planes (MMP) angle (normo-, hypo- or hyperdivergent). Reassessment was done after two weeks for intra- and inter-examiner reliability. The association between these variables were analyzed with Chi-square test. There was perfect agreement for intra- and inter-examiner reliability with kappa scored 1. A highly statistically significant association between molar relationship and sagittal skeletal pattern (p=0.000), and statistically significant association between sagittal and vertical skeletal pattern (p=0.048) was found. There was no significant association between molar relationship and vertical skeletal pattern (p=0.855). In conclusion, skeletal Class I, molar Class II and normodivergent vertical pattern were the most prevalent among Malaysian Malay adult patients. There was association between sagittal and vertical dimension, and between sagittal and molar relationships. However, there was no association between vertical plane and molar relationships.

Item Type: Proceeding Paper (Slide Presentation)
Additional Information: The International Dental Student e-Conference 2022 was conducted via Zoom Meeting, with the aim of inculcate research spirit amongst undergraduate dental students in the Southeast Asia region. Our team won the Bronze Medal.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Orthodontics, Malocclusion, Vertical dimension, Cephalometry, Diagnosis
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Department of Orthodontics
Depositing User: Dr Joo Ming Cheong
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2023 09:55
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2023 10:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/102632

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