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Translation priming in Malay-Arabic bilinguals

Jaffer, Usman and Che Mohd Nassir, Che Mohd Nasril and Ahmad H. Osman, Rahmah and Stevenson, Bruce and Ahmed, Mohamed Ayaaz and Jalaludin, Mohamad Afiudin and Mohd Kadri, Nursyuhaidah (2022) Translation priming in Malay-Arabic bilinguals. Journal of Northeastern University, 25 (4). pp. 2238-2252. ISSN 1005-3026

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It is argued that in the bilingual’s the first (L1) and second (L2) language, even proficient individuals rely on the information stored in the L1 lexicon. Thus, translation priming effects are found from L1-L2 but not necessarily from L2-L1. The valence of the word however could be encoded at an early stage of L2 acquisition and thus could have an effect onword activation and thus translation priming. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate translation priming in Malay-Arabic bilinguals and to investigate the effects of valence on these translations. A total of 68 participants with Malay as L1 and Arabic as L2, ranging from 19–24 years of age (M= 20.79 ± 1.51 years) were recruited. The priming paradigm was used in four language conditions L1–L1, L2–L2, L2–L1, and L1–L2.For each of the four language conditions, these reflect the factors, prime exposure (masked/overt), prime type (control, repetition and translation), and target valence (neutral, positive, negative). In L1-L2 conditions translation priming was found at a preconscious and conscious level when the target was neutral, positive or negative in valence. In the L2-L1 condition translation priming was only evident in positive and negative targets. In positive targets masked and overt priming effects were found, however for negative targets effects were only found when overt priming was used. This opens the door for further research in these phenomena.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malay language; Arabic language; Priming; Translation; Visual Recognition; Valence Evaluation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF309 Consciousness. Cognition
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF511 Affection. Feeling. Emotion
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC)
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Arabic Language and Literature
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Fundamental and Inter-Disciplinary Studies (Effective: 5th Feb 2014)
Depositing User: Dr Usman Jaffer
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2022 13:34
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2022 13:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/102165

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