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Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: a brief review

Suzihaque, M.U.H. and Alwi, Habsah and Ibrahim, Ummi Kalthum and Abdullah, Sureena and Haron, Normah (2022) Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: a brief review. Materials Today: Proceedings, 63 (Supp. 1). S490-S495. ISSN 2214-7853

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Biodiesel is a source of new renewable energies and a substitute fuel with much potential in the future for petroleum-derived diesel. According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy, total global consumption of diesel from petroleum increasing in one decade which is 3.5 million tonnes in 2010 and 3.9 million tonnes in 2019. Despite reducing the dependence on fossil fuel, the question of how waste cooking oil (WCO) disposal and related environmental damage issues might be solved by biodiesel production. In Malaysia, an estimated 540 000 tonnes of WCO from vegetable and animal fats are discarded each year without being treated as wastes. WCO recognize as a raw material for biodiesel process and have a great potential. Biodiesel is made through a reaction between triglyceride and alcohol, with triglyceride being a raw material found primarily in plants and animals. Transesterification is the popular process of biodiesel production with low cost and mild reactions conditions. Some studies have done on the variable of trans- esterification process with the optimum condition of biodiesel production from WCO. This study exam- ines WCO as a raw material for biodiesel production, including the various variables of transesterification process and a comparison of WCO biodiesel and petroleum diesel.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, Waste Cooking Oil Transesterification Physicochemical Properties
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Dr. Normah Haron
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2022 15:40
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2022 15:40
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/101907

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