IIUM Repository

An investigation of the effect of smoking, alcohol, and drug use on male infertility

Iswanto, A. Heri and Karim, Yasir Salam and Islam, Md. Zahidul and Alkadir, Ola Kamal A. and Jalil, Abduladheem Turki and Khlaif, Ali T. and Mustafa, Yasser Fakri and Kzar, Hamzah H. and Al-Gazally, Moaed E. and Beheshtizadeh, Narmin (2022) An investigation of the effect of smoking, alcohol, and drug use on male infertility. International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture, 9 (3). pp. 218-227. ISSN 2345-5802

[img] PDF (Journal) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
PDF (Scopus) - Supplemental Material
Download (254kB) | Preview


Background: Infertility in men has increased in recent years. Numerous physical, chemical, biological, and social factors are known to play a role in reducing semen quality, in between, there are high-risk behaviors that affect the quality of semen. In this paper, the effects of three factors: smoking, alcohol consumption, and drugs have been investigated. Methods: This case-control study was performed from June to September 2021 on 500 people, 250 people with normal semen quality and 250 people with defective semen quality. The data collection tool was a questionnaire made by researchers and semen test results. Finally, the collected data were analyzed by descriptive method with SPSS software. For quantitative variables, mean and standard deviation (SD) were used, while frequency and percentage reports were used for qualitative variables. Results: Drug use had a significant relationship with the shape and motility of sperm (B = -0.675, P = 0.005). The chance of natural semen decreases by 0.506 times with an increase of one drug use unit; moreover, the older the age of onset of drug use, the more the semen disorders (B = 0.514, P = 0.002).. Conclusion: Smoking and alcohol consumption were not identified as factors affecting semen quality, but there was a significant relationship between drug use and age of onset and semen disorders.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking, Infertility, Alcohol, Drug
Subjects: K Law > K600 Private Law
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC620 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Nutritional Diseases
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahidul Islam
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2022 10:55
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2022 10:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/101898

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year