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The effects of structured telephone call, WhatsApp text messaging and chewing gum on orthodontic anxiety

Cheong, Joo Ming (2022) The effects of structured telephone call, WhatsApp text messaging and chewing gum on orthodontic anxiety. In: IIUM Research and Innovation Day, 15 September 2022, Grand Hall, Office of Campus Director, IIUM Kuantan. (Unpublished)

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Background: Anxiety is a significant side effect during orthodontic treatment. Non-pharmacological methods may have an effect in decreasing anxiety level among patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Purpose: To investigate whether there was a difference in self-reported state anxiety among patients with orthodontic separator placement between postprocedural telephone call, text messaging, chewing gum and control group. Methodology: Eighty female orthodontic patients were randomly assigned to one of four groups (structured telephone call, WhatsApp text messages follow-up, sugar-free chewing gum and control). Subjects in the first three groups received the interventions after 24 hours of orthodontic separator placement, and completed the state component in state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) questionnaire to assess their level of anxiety before separator placement, immediately after, at 24 hours and daily for seven days. One-way repeated measure ANOVA was conducted to compare the effects of non-pharmacological methods on the mean state anxiety level at different time points. Results: There was significant difference in mean state anxiety level among the four groups at p<.001. Post hoc comparisons revealed significant difference between chewing gum and control groups at day-2 until day-7 (p<.001), and significant difference between WhatsApp text messaging and control groups at day-3 until day-7 (p<.05), as well as between telephone call and control groups at day-4 until day-7 (p<.05). However, there were no differences in mean anxiety level between telephone call, WhatsApp text messaging and chewing gum groups in all time points. At day-7, chewing gum group had the lowest mean state anxiety level (28.00  10.81), followed by telephone group (30.95  9.58), WhatsApp text message group (33.15  11.41) and lastly control group (41.90  13.23). Conclusion: Structured telephone call, WhatsApp text messaging and chewing gum conferred better anxiety reducing effect in patients with separator placement during orthodontic treatment compared to no treatment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety, Orthodontics, Telephone, Text Messaging, Chewing Gum
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr Joo Ming Cheong
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 13:53
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 13:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/101014

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