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Passive drag reduction of the square back truck body

Altaf, A. and Omar, Ashraf and Asrar, Waqar (2022) Passive drag reduction of the square back truck body. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 19 (3). pp. 9892-9908. ISSN 2229-8649 E-ISSN 2180-1606

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Drag is one of the most significant factors that increase fuel consumption, followed by operating cost of the vehicle. Square-back road vehicles like trucks and buses are common and popular means of transport across the globe. In this background, it is of great research value to reduce the drag on vehicles, improve their fuel efficiency and reduce their operational cost. In this work, a simplified model of a truck was considered, and its drag was reduced by modifying its geometry using passive drag reduction devices. The passive devices used in this study were backward-facing step, fins, splitter plates/tabs, dimple, vents, and channels. These devices, of different sizes and configurations, were numerically studied using CFD software Star CCM+ at a Reynolds number of 2.4127×10^6. Drag reduction up to 9.9% was achieved, when backward-facing step was placed at the bottom rear edge of the truck. Further, multiple circular channels used on the truck’s sides reduced the drag up to 6.5%, while multiple rectangular channels on the sides of the truck achieved 5.1% drag reduction. The maximum drag reduction of the fins was found to be 4.6%. In spite of these, no significant drag reduction was observed when using splitter plates/tabs, dimple and vents.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Add on passive devices; CFD; Passive drag reduction; Square back road vehicles
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1 Motor vehicles
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Waqar Asrar
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2022 09:37
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2022 09:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100376

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