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The impact of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction from the perspective of gender in West Java, Indonesia

Ayuniyyah, Qurroh and Pramanik, Ataul Huq and Md Saad, Norma and Ariffin, Muhammad Irwan (2022) The impact of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction from the perspective of gender in West Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 15 (5). pp. 924-942. ISSN 1753-8394 E-ISSN 1753-8408

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Purpose – This study aims to analyse the role of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction based on the gender of zakat recipients. Design/methodology/approach – This study used the Centre of Islamic Economic and Business Studies (CIBEST) model as a poverty measure and the Gini coefficient and Atkinson index as income inequality measures to analyse 1,300 zakat recipients in five different areas of West Java, Indonesia. Findings – Based on the CIBEST model, zakat distribution programmes have better salutary effects on male-headed households in terms of material (0.215) and absolute (0.037) poverty indices, whereas female-headed households have better performance on the falah (0.438) and spiritual (0.022) poverty indices, with greater changes in these indices in female-headed households. According to the Gini coefficient and Atkinson index, female-headed households have better income distribution one-year after zakat distribution programmes, whereas the male-headed households have better performance in regards to welfare loss. Research limitations/implications – The present study only used the poverty line standard published by the Central Board of Statistics from the Republic of Indonesia to identify respondents who live under the poverty line. Practical implications – This paper can serve as a reference for zakat institutions in the implementation of zakat distribution programmes when the gender of zakat recipients is taken into consideration. Originality/value – Not many studies have analysed the impact of gender in zakat distribution programmes despite gender being one of the most important determinants of poverty and income inequality. This study attempts to determine the economic impact of zakat from the perspective of gender.

Item Type: Article (Note)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zakat, Gender, Poverty, Income inequality
Subjects: BPH Islamic Economics > BPH104 Islam and poverty
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH531 Zakat
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB522 Income. Factor shares.Interest.Profit.Entrepreneurship
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions > HC79.P6 Poor. Poverty
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Muhammad Irwan Ariffin
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 14:53
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2023 09:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100157

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