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Depression, anxiety, and physical activity among antenatal women during COVID-19 pandemic

Mohd Arifin, Siti Roshaidai and Zulkifli, Seri Wardah and Abang Abdullah, Khadijah Hasanah and Syed Mohideen, Fathima Begum and Abas, Nurul Ain Hidayah and Perveen, Asma and Husain, Rohayah and Che Mat, Khairi and Abd Aziz, Karimah Hanim and Aidid, Edre Mohammad and Musa, Ramli and Idris, Izazol (2022) Depression, anxiety, and physical activity among antenatal women during COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS). pp. 1288-1295. ISSN 2252-8806

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The prevalence of mental health problems among antenatal women has escalated during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period. Physical activity palys role to reduce depression and anxiety, which required to be studied further. This study aimed to assess the association between physical activity with depression and anxiety among antenatal women during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study applied convenience sampling to recruit 544 antenatal women from March to June 2021. Questionnaires including the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS), state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), and pregnancy physical activity questionnaire (PPAQ) were distributed via social media to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and physical activity level. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, chi-square, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal Wallis tests. Out of 544 antenatal women, 24.1% of them had depressive symptoms and 82.4% had anxiety. Only 12.1% of the women were sufficiently active during the pandemic. There was no association between physical activity, depression, and anxiety. The high prevalence of depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic among Malaysian antenatal women underscores the urgent need for addressing this public health burden. Interventions to alleviate the symptoms should include strategies beyond physical activity, for example, a mobile application or telephone-delivered social support that is made easily accessible throughout the pandemic.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety COVID-19 Depression Physical activity Pregnancy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics > RG940 Maternal care. Prenatal care services
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing
Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Special Care Nursing
Depositing User: Dr. Siti Roshaidai Mohd Arifin
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2022 15:10
Last Modified: 18 May 2023 20:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100132

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