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A review of the effect of UAE optimization parameters on antioxidant activity

Elshreef, H S and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Sulaiman, S and Jami, Mohammed Saedi (2021) A review of the effect of UAE optimization parameters on antioxidant activity. In: 1st International Conference on Biomass Utilization and Sustainable Energy 2020, 15 - 16 Dec 2020, Virtual.

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Optimization of Ultrasound-assisted extraction parameters is necessary to determine the optimum level of the parameters, including solvent-to-material ratio, power, extraction time, solvent concentration, temperature, and pH. This review focuses on the UAE parameters' effects on the antioxidant activity, their interactions, and the best method of examining antioxidant activity to respond to the UAE's optimization. It was determined that the optimal extraction time is 15 minutes, and any duration longer than that could result in reduction of antioxidant activity. The temperature effect is important, wherein antioxidant activity decreases significantly when the extraction temperature is higher than 45 °C. Increasing the solvent concentration beyond 50% decreased the antioxidant activity. No increase in antioxidant activity was observed with a solvent/sample ratio greater than 40 ml/g. Increased ultrasound power leads to increased antioxidant compounds, especially in the range of ultrasound power, such as 50 to 150 W. However, higher ultrasound power creates free hydroxyl radicals that destroy the antioxidant compound. With an increase in pH, the radical scavenging activity increases significantly. It should, however, be at a near-neutral level, such as pH 6. Comparative literature has shown that optimizing UAE contributes to enhanced antioxidant activity and enhances resource conservation, such as energy and chemicals.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2021 15:40
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2021 15:40
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/91066

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