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The Indo-Turkic cultures and civilizational exchanges between Central Asia and South Asia (c. 700-1500 CE)

Islam, Arshad (2021) The Indo-Turkic cultures and civilizational exchanges between Central Asia and South Asia (c. 700-1500 CE). In: Turkey, Pakistan and Central Asia: Partnership for Peace International Conference, 16th-17th February 2021, Istanbul, Turkey. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Central Asia is located at the nexus of many great world civilizations, including the Persian, Indian, Turkic, and Chinese, and it has been the crossroads of the diverse cultures and civilizations since antiquity, rendering it an incredibly multi-cultural region that has played a unique role in human history. The heartland of the Indo-Aryans who brought Hinduism to India, the region became home to Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and Islam. It is considered the heart of Asia because of its centrality in the region, but its crucial importance to the human story is little appreciated by the general public. The people of Central Asia, like those of India, have historically improved scientific and cultural practices as well as innovating new technologies and enriching learning in all fields. This paper explores the exchanges of Indian and Turkic cultures in this essentially Persian cultural sphere during the period 700-1500 CE. This period spans the early Arab-Islamic conquests, the medieval Golden Age, the Mongol invasion, and the emergence of the major early modern civilizations of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. This period saw remarkable socio-cultural development with the fusions of many ethnic and cultural artefacts that were steadily reconciled and integrated into a remarkable civilization in its own right. While Islam provided the matrix for this remarkable exchange, it also included the contributions of peoples of diverse faiths and backgrounds, in a culture than celebrated diversity and multi-faith spirit, rather than merely tolerating others. It presents a valid illustration of the collaboration of human minds and the influences of intellectual and civilizational links on native traditions, belief, literature and arts. This paper examines the impact of the Indo-Turkic cultures and civilizational exchanges between Central Asia and South Asia based mainly on Arabic, Persian, Urdu and English sources, focused on the intellectual legacy, achievements, and role of Muslim polymaths in the preservation and development of wisdom, language, arts, architecture, culture, sciences, medicine, philosophy, and literature in relation to the Turkic and Indian cultural spheres

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 1440/88705
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indo-Turkic, cultures, civilizational, Central Asia and South Asia (c. 700-1500 CE)
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Pn. Zahila Mohd. Nor
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 17:16
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 17:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/88705

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