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A study on volatile organic compounds emitted by in-vitro lung cancer cultured cells using gas sensor array and SPMEGCMS

Thriumani, Reena and Zakaria, Ammar and Hashim, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun and Jeffree, Amanina Iymia and Mohamed Helmy, Khaled and Kamarudin, Latifah Munirah and Omar, Mohammad Iqbal and Md Shakaff, Ali Yeon and Adom, Abdul Hamid and Persaud, Krishna C (2018) A study on volatile organic compounds emitted by in-vitro lung cancer cultured cells using gas sensor array and SPMEGCMS. BMC Cancer, 18 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2407

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Abstract

Background: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from exhaled breath from human bodies have been proven to be a useful source of information for early lung cancer diagnosis. To date, there are still arguable information on the production and origin of significant VOCs of cancer cells. Thus, this study aims to conduct invitro experiments involving related cell lines to verify the capability of VOCs in providing information of the cells. Method: The performances of e-nose technology with different statistical methods to determine the best classifier were conducted and discussed. The gas sensor study has been complemented using solid phase micro-extractiongas chromatography mass spectrometry. For this purpose, the lung cancer cells (A549 and Calu-3) and control cell lines, breast cancer cell (MCF7) and non-cancerous lung cell (WI38VA13) were cultured in growth medium. Results: This study successfully provided a list of possible volatile organic compounds that can be specific biomarkers for lung cancer, even at the 24th hour of cell growth. Also, the Linear Discriminant Analysis-based One versus All-Support Vector Machine classifier, is able to produce high performance in distinguishing lung cancer from breast cancer cells and normal lung cells. Conclusion: The findings in this work conclude that the specific VOC released from the cancer cells can act as the odour signature and potentially to be used as non-invasive screening of lung cancer using gas array sensor devices.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3774/63611
Uncontrolled Keywords: E-nose, In-vitro, GCMS-SPME, Lung cancer, VOCs
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: DR YUMI ZUHANIS HAS-YUN HASHIM
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 04:23
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 04:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63611

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