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Green technology on the virgin coconut oil production using enzyme from pineapple waste

Harimurti, Sabtanti and Nadhifa, Naurah and Febrianti, Fera Rizki and Pramana, Facetha Intan and Wahita, Sevina Riska and Sukamdi, Dyani Primasari and Krisridwany, Annisa and Widada, Hari and Amid, Azura (2022) Green technology on the virgin coconut oil production using enzyme from pineapple waste. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy, 33 (3). pp. 412-421. ISSN 2338-9427 E-ISSN 2338-9486

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Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is widely used for the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The high lauric acid content is very beneficial in the pharmaceutical field, such as for antiviral and antibiotic. Also, this VCO is very useful for cosmetic formulation. VCO production can be done by several methods, which are chemical, physical, and enzymatic methods. By the increase of VCO demand at the national and international levels, this study proceeded with the production of VCO using an enzymatic way that was efficiently conducted and environmentally friendly. The purpose of this research is to study the enzymatic process of VCO production by using pineapple waste, including pineapple crowns, pineapple fruit skins, pineapple leaves, and pineapple trunks. The pineapple waste used contains the enzyme bromelain to break down protein emulator in coconut milk cream. From the number of experiments with variations in substrate volume and temperature, the optimal VCO formation was obtained at 50oC with the ratio between the substrate and enzyme material was 9 to 1. The quality of VCO was evaluated as water content, free fatty acid concentration, and saponification numbers. Based on the evaluation results, the quality of VCO produced was similar to the standard of APCC, SNI, and Codex.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: .3688/100723
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enzymatic, Pineapple crown extract, Virgin Coconut Oil
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368 Food processing and manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP372.6 Halal food industry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: Prof Ts Dr Azura Amid
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2022 09:01
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2022 16:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100723

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